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Welcome to your Cherokee County roots! What are your questions about Cherokee County family research? Here are some that we frequently hear, especially from those researchers who live in other states:

Why are Militia Districts important? What do you mean by Districts and Sections connected with deeds to Land Lots? What is a Numerical Deed Index? We shall try to explain the use of these research tools, some of which are unique to Georgia or Cherokee County.


Why are Militia Districts important?
Elsewhere on this Website, you will find a history of the origin of Militia Districts in Georgia and a map showing the location of each Militia District in Cherokee County. These Militia Districts still exist today but are primarily only used to indicate voting districts. As you find your ancestor in the Cherokee County census records (after 1850), you will notice that, at the top of the sheet, there will be a name and/or a number. This indicates the Militia District in which your ancestor lived.


Example: Conns Creek 1031. By looking at the map, you can locate the area of the county in which your ancestor resided at the time the census was taken. You have a question: "Why was my ancestor in Shake Rag District in 1860 and 1870, then in Clayton District in 1880? He seemed to own the same land." For some reason, the name of this District was changed some time between 1870 and 1880. Your ancestor probably did not move. We are including here a list of the Militia Districts with number, and with notations for some, to give you another name by which you may have heard this area called in your oral family history.


792 - Canton
817 - Bells
818 - Mullins (Includes Buffington
and Macedonia Communities)
890 - Woodstock
960 - Salacoa
971 - Clayton
1000- Cross Roads (Free Home Community)
1008- Harbins (Waleska Area)
1010- Hickory Flat
1015- Lickskillet
1019- Wildcat (Holly Springs Area)
1028- Fair Play (Sutallee Community)
1031- Conns Creek
1032- Ball Ground
1174- Little River
1279- Sixes


What are Districts and Sections that are referred to in deeds?
Now you have located the Militia District in which your ancestor lived, and you have a further question. "My ancestor owned part of Land Lot 386, 15th District, 2nd Section. What does this mean and how can I locate exactly where he lived within the Militia District?"


When the ten Georgia counties were formed from the original 6900 square mile Cherokee County (which existed from December 1831 until December 1832), it was divided into 4 Sections, running north and south, with the First Section being the easternmost and the Fourth Section bordering on Alabama. Land Districts are used in most of Georgia to designate legal boundaries of land. The Land District is then divided into Land Lots. Each of the 4 Sections mentioned above was divided into Land Districts. These Districts were then divided into Land Lots.


All of present day Cherokee County lies within the 2nd Section and contains all of three Land Districts and parts of six others. So if your ancestor owned part of Land Lot 386, 15th District, 2nd Section, you can find exactly where he lived by using the 1895 Cherokee County map which shows all the Militia Districts, Land Districts and Land Lots. (Please look elsewhere on this Website for availability of copies of the 1895 Cherokee County map.)


What is a Numerical Deed Index?
Cherokee County's Clerk of the Court Office has a unique record for keeping track of Land Lots as they pass from one owner to another. We have never found this method in any other courthouses we have visited. Besides alphabetical Grantor and Grantee Indexes, a Numerical Index is also kept. When a Land Lot or any portion thereof changes ownership, the book and page number showing the recorded deed is entered in an index for that particular Land Lot. For example: If Land Lot 386, 15th District, 2nd Section is mentioned in a deed, the Deed Book and page number will be recorded beside Land Lot 386 in the portion of the index which shows Land Lots in the 15th District. Using this index, one should be able to find every owner of any part of any Land Lot in Cherokee County.



Watch for Mary Free's RESEARCH TIPS column to be updated and archived on this site.


The US-Mexican War
See a listing of officers and privates of the Canton [GA] Volunteers who served in this war between 1846 and 1847. For more information on the US-Mexican War, visit this bilingual website about: "Two nations. One border. And the war that transformed them forever."



Genealogy Research OnLine


According to some sources, the biggest and fastest growing hobby that one can pursue over the Internet is genealogy. RootsWeb, the Internet's oldest and largest free genealogy community, has hundreds of gigabytes (millions of pages) of free genealogy data, with more added every day and over twenty million individuals on file in RootsWeb's WorldConnect Project.


The USGenWeb Project consists of a group of volunteers working together to provide Internet websites for genealogical research in every county and every state of the United States. The Project is non-commercial and fully committed to free access for everyone. Organization is by county and state, and their website provides you with links to all the state websites which, in turn, provide gateways to the counties. The USGenWeb Project also sponsors important Special Projects at the national level and their website provides an entry point to all of those pages, as well. Visit the USGenWeb Project to find state sites when you begin your online research.


The GAGenWeb site is Georgia's state representation within the USGenWeb Project. Here you will find helpful links to many of Georgia's records online.


Additionally, you will want to visit the Cherokee County GenWeb site for historical and genealogical information, including a Muster Roll of Company I--23rd Regiment of Georgia, maps of the original county area, an index of Confederate soldiers from Cherokee County...and more.


Cherokee County eMailList


The Cherokee County eMailList is hosted by Rootsweb. It is for discussion of local history and genealogy. When you subscribe, you will receive all mail postings sent to the list address, so you will be able to "eavesdrop" on everyone else's research questions and post queries of your own to other researchers on the list.




To subscribe, send an e-mail message to:
TNPUREBX-Y-erdhrfg@ebbgfjro.pbz (for individual messages)
TNPUREBX-Q-erdhrfg@ebbgfjro.pbz (for a digest of multiple messages)
In the body include only one word: subscribe
(Turn OFF your signature file when sending this command)

To unsubscribe, send an e-mail message to these addresses:
TNPUREBX-Y-erdhrfg@ebbgfjro.pbz (for individual messages)
TNPUREBX-Q-erdhrfg@ebbgfjro.pbz (for a digest of multiple messages)
In the body include only one word: unsubscribe
(Turn OFF your signature file when sending this command)

To post messages to everyone on the list (you must be a subscriber), use this address:

This site is a collection of postings on genealogy in Cherokee County. You may search the Forum by surname, location or key words, and your own use of the Forum is customizable to view messages in increments.

Genealogy Resources
Browse through an extensive listing of historical and genealogical resources compiled for the Cherokee County Historical Society web site by
Linda Woodward Geiger, CGRSSM, CGLSM.

about the Cherokee Among the first to inhabit the land now known as Cherokee County were the Cherokee (Tsalagi). Many researchers are finding that their families in the North Georgia area may have had Cherokee blood, and some of those relations may have traveled on the now infamous 'Trail of Tears' to Arkansas and Oklahoma in the late 1830's. There are many very good Internet sites with information about the Cherokee Indians. We recommend these resources for Native American research...

Visit the growing online ARCHIVES of the Historical Society. Read articles excerpted from old Society newsletters, view our historic photo collection, and more!

Cherokee County Maps
See our History section for these maps:
"The Original Cherokee County--1831"
"Land and Militia Districts of Cherokee County--1833"

For more information on researching in Cherokee County or to post a query in our quarterly newsletter, contact us at

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