| Where does our history start?
Does it begin with "ancient vast upheavals" which resulted in the
Crystalline area, as geologists call it? Or perhaps it begins with
its Native Peoples, the Cherokee Indians, who named many of the county's
landmarks? Or did it begin with the Old Federal Road that wound its
way through North Georgia in the early years of the 19th century "for
the accommodation of the citizens of the United States"?
The official birthday of Cherokee County was December 26, 1831,
and at that time, the new county contained some 6,900 square miles,
in contrast to its present 429.
SEE MAP OF "The
Original Cherokee County--1831"
Created primarily as an emergency measure, the original county served
the temporary purpose of holding the territory together under Georgia's
laws while the survey was being made and while a more permanent arrangement
could be worked out for its disposition into Counties of normal size.
In an act of the Georgia state legislature approved December 3, 1832,
the original Cherokee County was divided into ten counties: Cherokee,
Cass (now Bartow), Cobb, Floyd, Forsyth, Gilmer, Lumpkin, Murray,
Paulding and Union. Later divisions of these eleven counties have
increased the total number of counties made from the original Cherokee
SEE MAP OF "Land
and Militia Districts of Cherokee County--1833"
"Captain's Districts" or militia districts in Cherokee County were not totally
legalized until after 1833. Militia districts of Georgia date from a time soon
after the War of 1812, when the necessity became apparent for a standing army
quickly available in emergency. Each county was divided, by statute, into "Georgia
militia districts," and the able-bodied men resident in each district were organized
into a military company by a captain, who was duly elected by the district. The
militia system lasted until the Civil War period, although militia districts
still retain the civil functions allowed to them by the original statute.